with what has been the boy's whole world enter more easily into. The novels themes center on the social and cultural aspects of society during Shelleys lifetime, including the movement away from the intellectually confining Enlightenment. Nature and science, opposing forces during this time period, are important themes shaping the novel. See the essays by Burke and Gorer as well as Scott's introduction to the section "The Psychological Approach: Literature in the Light of Psychological Theory." Wellek, Rene, and Austin Warren. But no longer do they assume that dreams are meaningful in the way that works of literature are. Lacan, moreover, takes Freud a step further in the process of making Freud's gender-based psychoanalytic theory a theory of language as well. The characters in the novel reflect the struggle against societal control. "When one looks at a poem psychoanalytically he writes, "one considers it as though it were a dream or as though some ideal patient were speaking from the couch in iambic pentameter." One "looks for the general level or levels of fantasy associated with the. It normally ends with the onset of the oedipal stage, which it makes possible. Holland's theories, which have concerned themselves more with the reader than with the text, have helped to establish another school of critical theory: reader-response criticism. Irene knows Clare carries heavy baggage because she is hiding her identity from her husband but it seems like Irene hates the fact that Clare doesnt appear to have a care in the world: Irene doubted the genuineness of it, seeing herself only. Irene knows what had happened but repressed the memory because she wouldnt have been able to handle having murder on her hands.
Thus figurative literary language in general is treated as something that evolves as the writer's conscious mind resists what the unconscious tells it to picture or describe. Another aspect of the psyche, which he called the superego, is really a projection of the ego.
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In determining the nature of the text, such critics may regard the text in how to write book reports terms of a dream. When she noticed Clares elegant dress and features, she regretted that she hadnt counseled Clare to wear something ordinary and inconspicuous (Larson, 53). Just as the analyst tries to figure out the "dream thought" behind the dream story-that is, the latent or hidden content of the manifest dream-so the psychoanalytic literary critic tries to expose the latent, underlying content of a work. In the last decades of the twentieth century, this work reached a new status in critical evaluation. This is the stage in which the child is first able to fear the aggressions of another, desire what is recognizably beyond the self (initially the mother and, finally, to want to compete with another for the same, desired object. Rather, they assume something more complex. Furthermore, relationships between women figure in the novel, namely the relationship between Justine and Elizabeth. For instance, in A Psychoanalytic Study of the Double in Literature (1970 Robert Rogers begins with the view that human beings are double or multiple in nature. With Irenes unfortunate luck, he believes herallowing the new memory of Clare Kendrys death to take place of the actual event. For one thing, her own mother had died in giving birth to her.