power distance cultures, in which individuals matter and have equal power. Face-Negotiation Theory, face-Negotiation Theory, face-Negotiation Theory, face-Negotiation Theory. It resulted in loss of face because the recipient was denied autonomy and acted in a socially unacceptable manner. Behavior is also influenced by cultural variances, individual, relational, and situational factors.
The theory posits "face or self-image, as a universal phenomenon that pervades across cultures. Whereas in Eastern countries have a collective or group culture and they honor community. A number of researchers from various cultures continue to conduct research in this area of study and to test Ting-Toomeys theory. Third Party Help -Resolving conflicts by enlisting additional help to manage communication. The unethical communication was classified as one that was either deceptive, manipulative, exploitative, intrusive or coercive. Agenda outline, along with in class activities, lecture themes, and exercises, is provided in her design as well. Ting-Toomey,., Kurogi,. 17 These three have further enhanced conflict communication across cultures.
In 1985, Stella Ting Toomey explains in her theory that disagreements and conflicts are usually brought about by identity management on the individualistic and collectivistic levels. Face Negotiation Theory seeks to explain and understand the dynamics of intercultural communication. People from individualistic cultures, including most Americans, and people from collectivistic cultures, such as Appalachia, use different ways to save face and resolve conflict.
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