which are residing in these various hells. The classic Hades, on the other hand, is more similar to Old Testament Sheol. According to Jain scripture, Tattvarthasutra, following are the causes for birth in hell: 94 Killing or causing pain with intense passion. Earth 's surface and often include entrances to Hell from the land of the living. In the law-books (smtis and dharma-stras, like the Manu-smti naraka is a place of punishment for sins. Left panel depicts the demi-god and his animal vehicle presiding over each Hell.
Isbn Loftus, John. A Few Sighs from Hell (Or The Groans of the Damned Soul). 1 However, this is very unlikely as hel appears in Old English before the Viking invasions. Heinlein offers a yin-yang version of Hell where there is still some good within; most evident in his book Job: A Comedy of Justice. Among Christian descriptions Dante 's Inferno portrays the innermost (9th) circle of Hell as a frozen lake of blood and guilt. Many of the great epics of European literature include episodes that occur in Hell. Archived from the original on 5 November 2015. 9 The souls in Kur were believed to eat nothing but dry dust 10 :58 and family members of the deceased would ritually pour libations into the dead person's grave through a clay pipe, thereby allowing the dead to drink. In Jain cosmology, Naraka (translated as Hell) is the name given to realm of existence having great suffering. Rejection and becoming a wandering soul is a sort of hell for one passing over. There was also a legend of a place of white flowers, which was always dark, and was home to the gods of death, particularly Mictlantecutli and his spouse Mictlantecihuatl, which means literally "lords of Mictlan".