distinct groups that are different in their social behavior and innate capacities and that can be ranked as superior or inferior. New York NY: Basic Books. 170 Thousands of Arabs and Indians in Zanzibar were massacred in riots, and thousands more were detained or fled the island. 63 Othering Main article: Othering Othering is the term used by some to describe a system of discrimination whereby the characteristics of a group are used to distinguish them as separate from the norm. "Mauritania: Fair introduce yourself in professionally manner essay elections haunted by racial imbalance". Archived March 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. The participants answer (though it often only reluctantly hits the air White people. Retrieved b Kevin Reilly; Stephen Kaufman; Angela Bodino.
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So, you know, you take what you can get. 24 Social and behavioral sciences Main article: Sociology of race and ethnic relations Sociologists, in general, recognize "race" as a social construct. 43 Georges Cuvier edit Georges Cuvier Racial studies by Georges Cuvier (17691832 the French naturalist and zoologist, influenced scientific polygenism and scientific racism. Furthermore, the meaning of the term racism is often conflated with the terms prejudice, bigotry, and discrimination. The Negroes are far below them, and at the lowest point are a part of the American people." 216 In the 19th century, the German philosopher, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, declared that "Africa is no historical part of the world." Hegel further claimed that blacks. See also References and notes a b c Garner, Steve (2009). Racial qualities tended to be related to nationality and language rather than the actual geographic distribution of racial characteristics.